Philip II of Spain is well known for his defense of the Catholic faith and his rule over a powerful Catholic kingdom. Philip II, a great patron of the arts, brought the modern style of art to his kingdom. When he was looking for an artist to help him achieve this goal he turned to the Venetian artist Titian. Between the years 1554 and 1560 besides providing art for the empire, Titian created a group of mythologies that he called the poesie for Philip II. Titian strived to paint for the personal pleasure of the Catholic king, Philip II who appreciated and respected Titian’s artworks.